Life expectancy among Cubans is 80.02 years for women and 76 years for men. Before 1959, life expectancy was less tan 55 years and today, it equals that of developed countries.
Child mortality is 4.7 per 1000 born live and mortality among children under 5 years old is 6.2 per 1000 born live. This is the result of a policy that cares for the human being, implemented since the very beginning of the revolutionary triumph, which not only includes large budgets for such purposes, but also the training of doctors and paramedic personnel, the construction of hospitals in the most remote areas of the territory, and the high priority given to health in Cuba.
The number of facilities of the Ministry of Health providing services to the population (according to 2008 data) is as follows: 219 hospital centers, 160 dental clinics, 335 mother craft centers, 156 home for the elderly, 229 grandparent homes, 35 home for the physically disabled, 13 research centers, and 26 blood banks. Among hospital centers, there are 82 general hospitals, 36 clinical-surgical hospitals, 26 pediatric hospitals, 26 child hospitals, and 17 rural hospitals, while 35 hospitals provide specialized services in oncology, orthopedics, psychiatry, ophthalmology, rehabilitation and against leprosy and tuberculosis.
The State’s priority to health services for the people is shown not only by the number of hospital centers throughout the country but also by the equipment bought for such hospitals.
An ambitious hospital redesigning and extension program is being implemented, with state of the art equipment (ultra-sound technique, computerized axial tomography, and magnetic resonance equipment) for accurate diagnosis. Policlinics have also undergone a capital restoration and new specialized services have been added. Intensive Care Units at municipality level have also increased.
Professional training, since the triumph of the Revolution, has also been qualitatively superior, combining theory and practice since the first year of the degree. Curricula have been designed, taking into account the experiences of the best centers in the field of most advanced countries. There are four Higher Institute of Medical Sciences, 21 School of Medicine, four Dental Schools, four Nursing Schools, and four Health Technology Schools, in addition to 169 university extension services at the municipal level nation wide.
Cuba has 1 nurse and 1 nursing auxiliary per 119 inhabitants (107.761 nurses in 2008), 1 doctor per 151 inhabitants (74.552 doctors in 2008). 1 dentist per 1000 inhabitants (11.234 dentists in 2008).
Since the early years of the revolutionary process, special emphasis was given to protecting the population against most common transmissible diseases and today, the vaccination program covers 13 diseases, the highest figure ever reported by any country in the world.
With this massive and free of charge vaccine program for its citizens, Cuba, with the enormous effort it entails, makes possible one of the basic human rights: health
Many specialized services are also provided to foreigners, and there is medical cooperation and collaboration with countries in three continents.
Infectious diseases erradicated
Neonatal tetanus (1972)
Postparotiditis Meningoencephalitis (1989)
Congenital rubella Syndrome (1989)
Unique vaccines in the world
Antimeningococcica b Hemophilus ¡nfluenzae b (sq)
All medical assistance to the population is free.