Cuba is not just beautiful landscapes and beaches, history and culture. There is a specialized tourism which includes fishing, diving, hunting and ecotourism. Cuba can also be visited as venue of many scientific meetings, specialized courses, and first and foremost, to meet its people.
According to official estimates, it is believed that more than one thousand ships were sunk near Cuban shores between the 16th and 18th centuries, as a result of pirate and corsair attacks or due to tropical storms that every year hit the Caribbean islands. In 1590, the Nuestra Señora del Rosario sunk with all its treasure, north of the Pinar del Río province. Though the sunken ship was discovered, it has not been totally explored nor archaeologically excavated, thus it is considered a protected and virgin area.
Diving in the warm waters surrounding the island can be done at any of the 25 diving centers --some of them international centers-- with the safety provided by specialized supervisors. Among the most frequently visited are the six diving centers in Varadero beach, under international Barracuda management, where one can practice classic diving, deep diving or nitrox (nitrogen enriched air) diving.
Fishing is another touristic attraction, as the sea surrounding us is like a giant aquarium, and there are many dams and rivers with abundant trout. The north coast of Havana is well known as one of the best areas for fishing Blue Marlin, White Marlin and Sailfish. The Ernest Hemingway International Marlin Tournament and the International Blue Marlin Tournament at the Marina Hemingway take place every year in the capital of the country.
There are also good prospects for hunting. Due to its geographical location, two main corridors used by migratory birds travelling south and back, run through Cuba. Humming birds, the Bahama Pintel, the Rody Dock and migratory birds can be hunted. There are game preserves in Pinar del Río, La Habana, Villa Clara, Sancti Spíritus, Ciego de Ávila, Camagüey, Holguín, Granma, and Santiago de Cuba.
Ecotourism is a new way of enjoying travelling in close contact with nature, while contributing to its preservation. Ecotourism can be enjoyed in Sierra del Rosario - a biosphere reserve-, Soroa, Valle de Vinales, and La Guira National Park, in the Western part of the country; at the Ciénaga de Zapata National Park, Cienfuegos, Topes de Collantes and Trinidad, in the central part of the country, and in Caimanera-Guantanamo, the Sierra Maestra National Park and the Desembarco del Granma National Park in Granma, in the Eastern part of the country.