Statement of the Cuban delegation at the Thematic Meeting on Working Methods of the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Revitalization of the United Nations General Assembly. New York, May 2, 2014
Cuba welcomes the convening of this working session and endorses the statement of the distinguished delegation of Algeria on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement representing the position of the majority of the United Nations Member States. Now, I will set out some comments in my national capacity.
Concerning the working methods, the Cuban delegation believes that paragraphs 18 to 21 of Resolution 64/301 should constitute the basis of our debates; therefore, we suggest making good use of time and not wasting time in matters on which decisions exist already and the positions of the relevant Member States are known.
Biennial consideration or deletion of agenda items of the General Assembly, according to paragraph 18 of Resolution 64/301, is only possible with the clear consent of the sponsoring State or States. A decision on this matter cannot violate in any way the principle of sovereign equality of Member States enshrined in the Charter of the Organization. On the contrary, it should strengthen the exclusive qualities of the General Assembly as the most democratic and participatory Organ of the United Nations System.
All matters discussed in the General Assembly should be duly respected. As indicated by some delegations, if all resolutions were met, we would save a great deal of debates every year. Resolutions are not to be arbitrarily abolished; the useful cycle of resolutions should be closed by fulfilling the provisions thereof.
The General Assembly has a broad agenda encompassing all Member States’ interests, unlike the Security Council’s Agenda, which only covers the interests of few and includes topics to be discussed, which according to the powers vested under the Charter of the United Nations to that Organ, are out of its competence.
Cuba has expressed in several occasions that the revitalization process of the General Assembly is key element of the true United Nations reform. We cannot be satisfied with our work until the General Assembly fully exercises all its functions. The General Assembly is the first Organ established and regulated by the Charter of the United Nations. Its authority, functions and powers not only emerged from the letters of that text, but also from its authentic nature of democracy and representation to the whole international community.
It is in the General Assembly where the principle of sovereign equality of all States is fully carried out. Undoubtedly, this is the cornerstone of the foreign affairs system.
The simple fact that many countries show their concern, as reflected in this debate, by the constant interference of the Security Council on matters which are not within its competence, is an explicit recognition that certain Member States use the Council to avoid transparent, democratic and inclusive debate of important topics, in clear violation of the Charter of the United Nations.
Lastly, we reiterate our will to closely work with other Member States so that this year the Working Group gets to considerations and recommendations which, for their political significance, strengthen the core role of the General Assembly.
Thank you so much.