Statement by the Deputy Permanent Representative of Cuba to the United Nations, H.E. Ambassador Ana Silvia Rodríguez Abascal at the High-Level Thematic Debate on Human Rights.
New York, 12 through 13 July 2016
Cuba welcomes the convening of this High-Level Thematic Debate on Human Rights.
With the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the United Nations adopted an action plan for prosperity, the peoples and the world. This is a good platform for the promotion and protection of human rights. The only right that must be denied to us is the right to fail once again to fulfill the agreed goals.
We are convened today to reflect on all the United Nations can do to advance in terms of Human Rights. The answer is simple. It is essential to address inter alia, the demands of over 795 million people in the world who suffer from starvation, out of whom 780 million live in developing regions, the demands of 774 million illiterate adults and 6 million children who die from preventable diseases every year.
The establishment of an inclusive, equal, just and solidary world order is indispensable. There should be a cooperation approach in terms of human rights that eradicate double standards, selectivity and political manipulation. Equality is necessary in all categories of human rights, either in their individual or collective enjoyment, with special attention to the rights to development, peace and solidarity. The fact that universality is only acceptable by recognizing diversity should be accepted. It is necessary to reject the imposition of prescriptions or models drafted in pursuance of hegemonic domination interests.
May poverty and hunger be eliminated. May all have access to high quality education. By guaranteeing the universal right to healthcare we will be laying the foundations for the exercise of all human rights for everyone.
An international cooperation based on human rights indivisibility, objectivity, non-selectivity and non-politization will allow to create material warranties for the full exercise and enjoyment of all human rights, especially for those in vulnerable situations.
Consideration should be given to the just historical demands of the South peoples and the great majorities of the world in issues such as the effective fulfillment of the right to development, action to combat racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance and ensuring respect for cultural diversity.
In order to give a better response and support Member States in their commitments, the United Nations should promote intergovernmental discussions of all initiatives and strict compliance of decisions adopted by relevant intergovernmental bodies, more importantly in human rights matters. We should avoid entrenchment of concepts and doctrines that have not resulted from a thorough debate by Member States, have not reached necessary consensus, or have not derived from clear mandates originating from the General Assembly decisions.
Double standards, political confrontation and manipulation ended up condemning the former Human Rights Commission to failure. The Human Rights Council was founded to establish genuine cooperation in terms of human rights. We must regret though that the Human Rights Council has recently followed with haste the same path as that of the former Commission.
The Universal Periodic Review of the Human Rights Council is the proper instrument to address the human rights situation in all countries without distinction, privileges or politization. The Universal Periodic Review has proved its efficacy in the support for international cooperation.
The Right to Peace is a fundamental right for each human being and all peoples. Ensuring its full enjoyment is a key goal for the United Nations by virtue of its Charter.
Adherence to international law and the Charter of the United Nations are irreplaceable prerequisites for the promotion and protection of human rights.
Unilateral coercive measures in contravention of the Charter of the United Nations and international law jeopardize human rights enjoyment. The economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the United States on Cuba is a flagrant, massive and systematic violation of Cuban people’s human rights.
Cuba ratifies its unwavering commitment to the promotion and observance of all human rights for everyone.
Thank you very much.