Statement by the Deputy Permanent Representative of Cuba to the United States, Ambassador Ana Silvia Rodriguez Abascal on Security Council Working Methods. New York, 19 July 2016.
Cuba endorses the statement by the representative of the Islamic Republic of Iran on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.
Our country supports a true and profound reform of the Security Council, which turns it into an effective, transparent, representative, democratic body, in line with the evolution of international relations and the United Nations over the last 70 years.
An essential element of the Security Council reform is the modification of its working methods.
Although documents aimed at improving the Security Council working methods have been endorsed, including presidency´s note S/2010/507, further efforts are required in the search for effective formulas that ensure a true participation of the Member States in the Council´s works and decision-making.
Often, decisions are made that do not take into consideration the opinions of all members of the Council and, sometimes, not even the opinions of all its permanent members. It is recognized that the lack of transparency and exclusionary practices have an adverse impact on its work dynamics.
Pursuant to Article 24 of the United Nations Charter, the Member States recognize that the Security Council, when exercising its duties, is acting on their behalf. Therefore, the work of the Council is a collective responsibility, and the true involvement of all Member States must be ensured in this Body´s work and decision-making.
Cuba reiterates that, at least, it is required to make the following changes in the working methods of the Security Council.
The Council should make every effort to achieve a broad-based consensus through the consultations and negotiations required, before any action is taken. In no way should acceptance of a text be forced when there are still considerable differences as to its contents.
There is a need to increase the number of public meetings of the Council. Closed meetings and informal consultations should be the exception rather than the rule.
Dialogue and interaction between the Council and all members of the United Nations must be improved. In this respect, we welcome and urge to continue holding the wrap-up sessions carried out by the last monthly presidencies of the Council.
The State that is directly involved or specially affected should be allowed to always participate in the deliberations of the Council on the questions that directly concern it, as established in Article 31 of the Charter. The resolutions and presidential statements of the Council must reflect the opinions expressed by the Member States, particularly the opinions of the State that is directly involved or specially affected.
Non-Council members must be ensured access to subsidiary bodies, including the right to participate in their deliberations and to receive sufficient and timely information about the Council´s activities.
In order to increase transparency and the level of accountability, a definitive text must be adopted to regulate the work of the Council. It is inconceivable that the rules of procedure of the Security Council remain provisional after 70 years.
The annual reports to be submitted by the Council to the General Assembly must be truly analytical and appropriately evaluate its performance.
We reaffirm the need for the Council to submit special reports in accordance with Articles 15 and 24 of the Charter. Unfortunately, their publication is still pending.
The question of the veto is intrinsically linked to the working methods of the Council, especially to its decision-making mechanism. The veto is an anachronistic and anti-democratic privilege that should be eliminated as soon as possible.
We share the concerns associated with the growing tendency of the Security Council to consider subjects and assume functions that are not within its purview, thereby usurping the role conferred by the Charter upon other bodies of the United nations, especially the General Assembly.
Too often and prematurely, the Council has been addressing issues that do not necessarily pose an immediate threat to international peace and security, invoking Chapter VII of the Charter.
Precisely, in accordance with its mandate under the UN Charter, the Security Council must focus attention on facing the most urgent problems threatening international peace and security. As foreseen, Chapter VII should be invoked only as a last resort.
The application of double standards and manipulation when analyzing certain topics under the consideration of this Body also constitute a shared concern.
The approach of this debate focused on the working methods should contribute to the essential reform and democratization of the Security Council.
We hope to see a more representative, democratic, transparent and efficient Security Council, in which the views of all members are taken into consideration, as well as the different realities of today´s world.
Thank you very much