Statement by Ambassador Pedro Núñez Mosquera, Permanent Representative of Cuba to the UN Special Committee on Decolonization, on the question of the Falkland Islands (Malvinas). 14 June 2012.
On behalf of the Cuban delegation, I would like to welcome the participation in this meeting of H.E. Mrs. Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, President of the sister Argentine Republic. Her presence in this session of the Committee on Decolonization and her excellent and thorough statement evidence the relevant work of this Committee concerning the issue at hand today.
Cuba fully supports the position expressed by the President of Argentina on the question of the Falkland Islands (Malvinas).
There are currently 29 resolutions on the question of the Falkland Islands (Malvinas) adopted by this Special Committee, which have always reached consensus since 1993. However, today we are not closer to a definitive solution to this protracted sovereignty dispute.
Resolution 2065(XX), adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1965, is crystal clear. It establishes that the Question of the Falkland Islands (Malvinas) is a dispute between the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland concerning sovereignty over the said Islands, and clearly expresses that such dispute should be settled by holding negotiations between the two States, bearing in mind the provisions and objectives of the Charter of the United Nations and of General Assembly Resolution 1514(XV), as well as the interests of the population of the Islands.
As is widely known, the United Kingdom occupied the Falkland Islands (Malvinas) in 1833 and forcibly expelled the Argentine population that had settled there and their authorities. Then, the Argentine population began to be replaced by British population. At present, Argentineans are not allowed to return to or settle in the Islands.
One hundred and seventy-nine years have passed since then. However, the Argentine people and Government have remained admirably steadfast in their just demand for the restitution of the land taken from their national territory. Argentina, with the wide support of the international community, has always been willing to hold negotiations to recover its sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Malvinas), South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, in accordance with resolutions of this Special Committee and the General Assembly.
The Cuban people and Government reiterate their unrestricted support for the legitimate right of the Argentine Republic in the sovereignty dispute concerning the Question of the Falkland Islands (Malvinas), which are an inseparable part of the national territory of that Latin American sister nation. Cuba’s position thereon is very clear, and I reiterate once more: the Falkland Islands (Malvinas), South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands are and will continue to be Argentina’s.
The support for the legitimate rights of the Argentine Republic in the dispute concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Malvinas), South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime areas, has been reiterated on many occasions in various fora of our region at the highest level. The Special Communiqué recently issued by the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) stands out for its strength and significance. Last April 2nd, the Cuban Parliament issued a similar Declaration.
Once more, we call for a negotiated just and definitive solution to the Question of the Falkland Islands (Malvinas) as soon as possible. To that end, dialogue and cooperation between the two parties are necessary. We call again upon the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to heed the repeated calls by the Special Committee to hold negotiations between the parties. We also call on that country to respond positively to the willingness reiterated by Argentina to resume a bilateral negotiation process on the substantive question, with the view to resolving the sovereignty dispute as soon as possible, in a just, peaceful and definitive manner.
As long as a definitive solution to the dispute is not achieved through negotiations, there must be no unilateral acts modifying the situation in the Islands, as established by General Assembly Resolutions.
Any action to militarize the South Atlantic, which has been declared Zone of Peace by the United Nations, would escalate the conflict, generate unnecessary tensions in the region, and contribute nothing to the achievement of a negotiated solution.
Cuba deems important to reiterate the significance of the strict compliance by all States with the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean. In this context, any presence of nuclear weapons in our region would be obviously incompatible with the provisions of said Treaty.
As is customary, Cuba is one of the co-sponsors of the draft resolution on the Question of the Falkland Islands (Malvinas) submitted to this Committee, which is contained in document A/AC.109/2012/L.6. We call upon all the members of the Special Committee on Decolonization to support the draft resolution, so it can be adopted again without a vote.