Permanent Mission to UN
Statement by Cuba at the commemoration of the International Day against Nuclear Tests.

New York, 31 August 2016
Mr. Chairman,
Cuba welcomes the holding of this event, which takes place in the framework of the 20th anniversary of the opening for signature of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty.
The existence of a legal rule prohibiting these tests under international control has to some extent contributed to hamper the development of nuclear weapons. Notwithstanding, we regret that this treaty has not yet entered into force.
Mr. Chairman,
To Cuba, the mere existence of nuclear weapons poses a serious threat to international peace and security and to the survival of the human species on the planet.  
Our country has reiterated that the only way to avoid the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons by states or individuals would be the total elimination and prohibition of these weapons. 
The existence of over 15 000 nuclear weapons is alarming; out of which 4 300 are ready to be deployed; as well as the recent plans for the streamlining and development of new nuclear weapons.
Cuba repeats its rejection of all nuclear-weapon tests and of any strategic concept that justifies the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, or the promotion and development of military alliances and policies based on nuclear weapons and on nuclear deterrence policies.
Preventing the development and the qualitative improvement of nuclear weapons and the streamlining of new types of these weapons; as well as bringing an immediate and permanent end to any kind of nuclear-weapon test, including those tests conducted with the use of simulations and subcritical tests, and the closing all nuclear-weapon test facilities, would constitute effective practical actions towards the goal of nuclear disarmament.
It is unjustifiable and unacceptable that in today's world more and more is spent to develop and test nuclear weapons, and less on promoting life and development.  
The recent nuclear weapons modernization plans are a constant reminder of the terrible consequences for human beings and the environment of over 2 000 nuclear tests conducted since 1945. These events must not be repeated.
Nuclear-weapon tests run counter to the objective and purposes of the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime, the obligations and provisions of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, as well as to the letter and spirit of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty.
Mr. Chairman,
Cuba calls upon to seize the momentum created by the Open-Ended Working Group for nuclear disarmament negotiations in Geneva in order to start negotiating as soon as possible a comprehensive convention on nuclear disarmament.
We likewise encourage all states to commemorate the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons next September 26 and to enhance public awareness and education about the threat posed by these weapons to humanity and the need for their total elimination.
Cuba reaffirms its commitment to a world free of nuclear weapons.
Thank you very much.
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