Second Committee General Debate.
Statement by the representative of Cuba, Mr. Jairo Rodríguez, on behalf of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC). New York, 10 October 2013.
I have the honour to speak on behalf of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC). I congratulate you and the members of the Bureau for your election in front of our work and wish you all the success.
This new session of the Second Committee takes place under an increasingly complex international scenario and the global economic and financial crisis.
Two years ahead of the deadline for the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, more than 1.2 billion persons still live in extreme poverty, 870 million are malnourished and 768 million persons do not have access to improved sources of drinking water, among other unacceptable facts.
In the resolutions to adopt in this 68 Session, we must address among other topics, the structural challenges of the international economy and the reform of the financial system, in a way that considers the development challenges of developing countries and is based on the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities.
Official Development Assistance has had an unstable and unpredictable behavior, and has decreased in real terms, endangering the prospects of achieving the goals adopted at the major international forums in the past decade, including the MDGs.
Developed countries are still far from achieving the longstanding goal of mobilizing 0.7% of Gross National Product in ODA to developing countries, including the target of 0.15 - 0.20 per cent of ODA to the Least Developed Countries (LDCs). We strongly call for developed countries to establish clear and transparent timetables within their national budget allocation processes to reach the level of 0.7 per cent in ODA to developing countries, including the target of 0.15 - 0.20 per cent of ODA to the LDCs by 2015 at the latest.
We reaffirm that the full implementation of these commitments will substantially boost the resources available to push forward the international development agenda and to assist developing countries to mitigate and more effectively respond to the financial crisis in accordance with their national strategies.
As complementary actions innovative mechanisms of financing could make a contribution in assisting developing countries to mobilize additional resources for development on a stable, predictable and voluntary basis. Such financing should be disbursed in accordance with the priorities of developing countries, should not unduly burden them, and should neither substitute nor negatively affect the level of traditional sources of development financing, including ODA.
CELAC members advocate for a Post-2015 Development Agenda that emphasizes on the elimination of gaps at the international and regional levels as well as within societies, and on the solution of structural problems of developing nations, exacerbated by the global economic crisis, the effects of Climate Change and natural disasters, among other challenges. The concept of structural change for equality, developed by ECLAC, could constitute a valuable instrument for the process of shaping the new agenda.
To be really effective, the Post-2015 Development Agenda must be people´s centred, taking into account all their life cycle, and generate global structural changes needed to eradicate poverty in its multidimensional character and to reduce inequality. While pursuing these priorities, we should place sustainability at the core of development actions and maintain the harmony with nature.
The new development framework must also be global in nature, universally applicable, and relevant to all countries in addressing the challenges of achieving sustainable development, while taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development, and respecting national policies and priorities. The commitment of the international community as a whole to address the global challenges is an equally important expression of the universal nature of the Agenda. This must be one of the founding bases of the global partnership for development we intend to build, learning from the MDGs follow-up process.
The outcome of the process to define the Post-2015 Development Agenda will also have to unequivocally express the commitment of the developed countries with developing countries, inter alia, by outlining goals and specific indicators for Official Development Assistance and other forms of North-South Cooperation. Moreover, South-South Cooperation should be supported by the international community, as a complement to, rather than a substitute for North-South Cooperation.
In addition, the new Development Agenda will need to respond to situations, special needs and priorities of the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States, and present innovative proposals to ensure that Middle-Income Countries continue to benefit from international development cooperation, and can address the specific challenges they face in their search for sustainable development.
In this context, we will actively support the preparatory processes of the Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Islands Developing States Conferences, to be held in 2014. We will also continue to undertake efforts towards the establishment of a comprehensive Plan of Action for cooperation with Middle-Income Countries.
You can count on the firm and active support of countries members of CELAC in the common goal to guarantee the success of this Committee, as well as in strengthening the central role of the General Assembly in the global economic governance.
I thank you