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Embassy of Cuba in Indonesia
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Cuba´s position on Peace and Nuclear disarmament.

As it is known, Cuba is a peace loving country and believes that this should be one of the most important objectives to be achieved by mankind. Also believes that there is an inextricable link between peace and nuclear disarmament. Given the serious risks serious dangers to world peace and the urgency of promoting nuclear disarmament, Cuba proposed and the General Assembly of the United Nations approved to celebrate the International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons on September 26. On the subject Cuba considers that the mere existence of nuclear weapons is a threat to humanity. The use of a fraction of the more than 16,000 existing nuclear weapons, of which about 4,000 are in operational status, would have catastrophic consequences for our planet. Also reaffirms the urgent need to accomplish the total elimination of nuclear weapons in a transparent, irreversible and verifiable with a timetable agreed multilaterally form. The Non-Aligned Movement has submitted a proposal establishing a specific timetable for the gradual reduction of nuclear weapons until their total elimination and prohibition, by 2025, which should be seriously considered by the international community. The use of nuclear weapons constitutes a flagrant violation of international standards relating to the prevention of genocide and environmental protection. Cuba maintains that the use of nuclear weapons is illegal, immoral and cannot be justified under any circumstances or security doctrine. Moreover, the concept of "nuclear deterrence" must be abandoned definitely as a unsustainable basis and unacceptable military doctrines, far from contributing to nuclear disarmament, stimulate the perpetual possession of these weapons. Cuba opposes all nuclear weapons test, including those carried out by supercomputers and other sophisticated non-explosive methods. In 2013 the astronomical figure of 1747 billion dollars in global military spending was reached. It is unacceptable that in today's world spend more on means to make war than in promoting development. Much of that money is now dedicated to the maintenance and modernization of nuclear arsenals, should be used for the benefit of mankind, to promote the development of countries and ultimately eradicate poverty. International Conferences held in Oslo, Nayarit and Vienna have contributed to greater international understanding of the serious risks and catastrophic humanitarian consequences associated with the existence of nuclear weapons. But this is not enough and cannot be the ultimate goal. Cuba advocates a comprehensive Convention on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, which ban the possession, development, production, acquisition, testing, stockpiling, transfer, use or threat of use of nuclear weapons is included, and stipulating its destruction under strict international control. Therefore we appeal to the Conference on Disarmament to immediately start negotiations for a Convention on Nuclear Disarmament, which could be formally adopted by the General Assembly at the International Conference on High-level United Nations Conference on Nuclear Disarmament which has been convened not later than 2018, under UNGA resolution 68/32. The nuclear-weapon States should give assurances to States not possess that will not use or threaten to use, through the urgent adoption of a universal, unconditional and legally binding negative security assurances instrument. We urge governments, parliaments and civil society to take the necessary measures every year to commemorate the September 26 International Day for the Elimination Total of Nuclear Weapons. In what was a historic landmark, the January 29, 2014, during the Second Summit of the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, held in Havana, Latin America and the Caribbean was formally proclaimed as Zone Paz. The proclamation includes the firm commitment of the States of the region with the promotion of nuclear disarmament as a priority. We emphasize our strong support and commitment to the Declarations of the CELAC on Nuclear Disarmament, adopted on August 20, 2013, in Buenos Aires, Argentina; the January 28, 2014 in Havana, Cuba; and January 29, 2015 in Bethlehem, Costa Rica. All of them reinforce the need for the total elimination and prohibition of nuclear weapons and the commitment of the Community to take action to achieve it. The proposal of Cuba presented at the Third Conference on Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons, aimed at achieving the adoption of a legally binding instrument on nuclear disarmament, was expressly supported by the Special Declaration on Nuclear Disarmament CELAC adopted in Bethlehem January 2015. CONFERENCE REVIEW OF NUCLEAR NON-PROLIFERATION TREATY From 27 April to 22 May will take place in New York's the 9th. Review Conference of the NPT. Cuba will work for the Conference substantive outcome document that reflects a balanced analysis of the implementation of the NPT and include specific recommendations for a more effective implementation of the Treaty, particularly with regard to nuclear disarmament pillar is adopted. Our country insists that the three pillars of the NPT: nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and peaceful use of nuclear energy, are applied in a balanced and non-discriminatory sine qua non for the legitimacy and effectiveness of the Treaty. More than 40 years after the entry into force of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), is continuing to refine nuclear arsenals. Also emphasizes the urgent need for the start of negotiations on a phased program for the total elimination of nuclear weapons within a specific period of time, including a Nuclear Weapons Convention. We equally urge to the early conclusion of an unconditional and legally binding negative security assurances universal treaty for States without nuclear weapons. One of the main outcomes of the Review Conference should be a clear commitment in this regard. Urgently must be convened the Conference on Free Zone nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East. We regret the fact that it has not yet concluded. It is vital to declare Nuclear Weapons Free Zone in the Middle East, which besides being an important contribution to the goal of nuclear disarmament would mean a significant step in the peace process in the Middle East.
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