Menu
Embassy of Cuba in Hungary
with concurrent accreditations
to Bosnia and Herzegovina
Political System and Government

In the Republic of Cuba, sovereignty lies with the people, out of which stems the power of the State. Such power is exercised directly or through the Assemblies of People’s Power and other State bodies derived from them, in the manner and according to the rules and regulations established by the Constitution and Laws:

  • Supreme Bodies of t People’s Power
  • The National Assembly of People’s Power
  • The Council of State
  • The Council of Ministers
  • The National Defense Council

Powers and composition of the Supreme Bodies of People’s Power

National Assembly of People’s Power

  • President: Ricardo Alarcón de Quesada
  • Vicepresident : Jaime Crombet Hernández-Baquero
  • Secretary : Miriam Brito Sarroca

The National Assembly of People's Power is the supreme body of state power and represents and expresses the sovereign will of all the people. It is the only body in the Republic that is invested both with constituent and legislative authority

The National Assembly of People's Power is comprised of deputies elected by free, direct and secret vote, in the proportion and according to the procedure established by law. The National Assembly of People's Power is elected for a period of five years. The period can only be extended by virtue of a resolution of the Assembly itself in the event of war or in the case of other exceptional circumstances that may impede the normal holding of elections and while such circumstances exist.

The National Assembly of People's Power, on meeting for a new legislature, elects its president, vice president and secretary from among its deputies. The law regulates the manner and procedure in which the Assembly is constituted and carries out this election.

The National Assembly of People's Power elects, from among its deputies, the Council of State, which consists of one president, one first vice president, five vice presidents, one secretary and 23 other members.

The president of the Council of State is, at the same time, the Head of State and Government.

The Council of State is accountable to the National Assembly of People's Power, and must report to the National Assembly on all its work and tasks.

The National Assembly of People's Power is invested with the following powers:

  • To decide on reforms to the Constitution according to that established in Article 137;
  • To pass, modify and nullify laws after consulting with the people when it is considered necessary in view of the nature of the law in question;
  • To decide on the constitutionality of laws, decree-laws, decrees and all other general provisions;
  • To revoke in total or in part the decree-laws issued by the Council of State;
  • To discuss and approve the national plans for economic and social development;
  • To discuss and approve the state budget;
  • To approve the system’s principles for planning and managing the national economy;
  • To approve the monetary and credit system;
  • To approve the general guidelines of foreign and domestic policy;
  • To declare a state of war in the event of military aggression and approve peace treaties;
  • To establish and modify the political-administrative division of the country pursuant to Article 102;
  • To elect the President, Vice-president and Secretary of the National Assembly;
  • To elect the President, the First Vice-president, the Vice- presidents, the Secretary, and other members of the Council of State;
  • To appoint, at the initiative of the President of the Council of State, the First Vice-president, the Vice-presidents and the other members of the Council of Ministers;
  • To elect the President, Vice-presidents and other judges of the People's Supreme Court;
  • To elect the Attorney General and the Deputy Attorney Generals of the Republic;
  • To appoint permanent and temporary commissions;
  • To revoke the election or appointment of those persons elected or appointed by it;
  • To exercise the highest supervision over state and government bodies;
  • To know about, assess, and adopt pertinent decisions regarding Accountability Reports submitted by the Council of State, the Council of Ministers, the People's Supreme Court, the Office of the Attorney General of the Republic and the Provincial Assemblies of People's Power.
  • To revoke such provisions or decree-laws of the Council of State and such decrees or resolutions of the Council of Ministers which are contrary to the Constitution or the law;
  • To revoke or modify such resolutions or provisions of the local bodies of People's Power which encroach on the Constitution, the laws, the decree-laws, the decrees and other provisions issued by a higher body, or those which are detrimental to the interests of other localities or the general interests of the nation;
  • To grant amnesty;
  • To call for the holding of a referendum in those cases provided by the Constitution and others which the Assembly considers pertinent;
  • To establish its rules and regulations;
  • And all other powers granted by the Constitution.

RESIDENT OF THE COUNCILS OF STATE AND OF MINISTERS

Army General Raúl Castro Ruz

First Secretary Central Committee of the Cuban Communist Party (PCC)

FIRST VICEPRESIDENT OF THE COUNCILS OF STATE AND OF MINISTERS

José Ramón Machado Ventura

Member of the Political Bureau and of the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the PCC

VICEPRESIDENTS (5) OF THE COUNCIL OF STATE

  1. Gladys María Bejerano Portela (Elected on December 2009) General Controller of the Republic
  2. Abelardo Colomé Ibarra Corps Commander and Minister of the Interior
  3. Ramiro Valdés Menéndez (Promoted in December, 2009) Commander of the Revolution. Vicepresident of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Computer Sciences and Communications.
  4. Esteban Lazo Hernández Member of the Political Bureau and of the Secretariat of the PCC

SECRETARY OF THE COUNCIL OF STATE

Homero Acosta Álvarez (Elected on August, 2009)

MIEMBRES (23) OF THE COUNCIL OF STATE

  1. Surina Acosta Brook FMC Provincial Secretary in Santiago de Cuba
  2. Regla Dayamí Armenteros Mesa Member of the Provincial Committee of the PCC in Villa Clara
  3. José R. Balaguer Cabrera Minister of Public Health
  4. Iris Betancourt Téllez Delegate of the Minister of Science, Technology and Environment in Granma
  5. Inés María Chapman Waugh Delegate of the Water Resources Institute
  6. Leopoldo Cintra Frías Corps Commander – Minister of the Revolutionary Armed Forces
  7. Mª del Carmen Concepción González Minister of the Food Industry
  8. Roberto Fernández Retamar President of Casa de las Américas
  9. María Yolanda Ferrer Gómez General Secretary of the FMC
  10. Guillermo García Frías Commander of the Revolution – National Director of Flora and Fauna
  11. Luis Herrera Martínez Director of the Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Center
  12. Tania León Silveira President of the Municipal Assembly in Colón
  13. Alvaro López Miera Corps Commander – Chief of the General Staff of the Revolutionary Armed Forces
  14. Orlando Lugo Fonte President of the National Association of Small Peasants
  15. Liudmila Álamo Dueñas (Elegcted on December, 2009) First Secretary of the National Committee of the Young Communist League
  16. Dignora Montano Perdomo Vice-Rector of the Pedagocic Higher Institute’s University Expansion
  17. José M. Miyar Barruecos (Ratificado agosto de 2009) Minister for Science, Technology and Environment.
  18. Juan José Rabilero Fonseca National Coordinator of the Committees for the Defense of the Revolution
  19. Sergio Rodríguez Morales (Elected on December, 2009) Agricultural researcher
  20. Marino Alberto Murillo Jorge (Elected on December, 2009) Vice-president of the Council of Ministers and Minister for Economy and Planning
  21. Ramiro Valdés Menéndez (Elected Vice-President on December, 2009) Vice-f Minister and Minister President of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Computer Science and Communications
    Isis Angelina Diez Duardo (Elected on December,2009) Vice-president of the Provincial Management Council in Las Tunas
  22. Salvador Valdés Mesa General Secretary of Cuba’s Trade Union
  23. Kirenia Díaz Burke (Elected on December, 2009) Specialist at the Finlay Institute

The Council of State is the body of the National Assembly of People's Power that represents it between sessions, implements its resolutions and fulfills all other duties vested on it by the Constitution. It is a collegiate body and for national and international purposes it is the highest representative of the Cuban state.

The Council of State is invested with the following powers:

  • To summon special sessions of the National Assembly of People's Power;
  • To set the date for elections for the periodic renovation of the National Assembly of People's Power;
  • To issue decree-laws in between the sessions of the National Assembly of People's Power;
  • To provide, if necessary, general and compulsory interpretation of existing laws;
  • To exercise legislative initiative;
  • To make all the necessary arrangements for the holding of referendums called for by the National Assembly of People's Power;
  • To decree a general mobilization when necessary for the defense of the country and assume the authority to declare war in the event of aggression or to approve peace treaties - duties assigned to the National Assembly of People's Power by the Constitution - whenever the Assembly is in recess and cannot be called to session with the necessary security and urgency;
  • To replace, at the initiative of its President, the members of the Council of Ministers, in between sessions of the National Assembly of People's Power;
  • To issue general instructions to courts through the Governing Council of the People's Supreme Court;
  • To issue instructions to the Office of the Attorney General of the Republic;
  • To appoint and remove, at the initiative of its President, Cuban diplomatic representatives in others states;
  • To grant decorations and honorary titles;
  • To establish commissions;
  • To grant pardons;
  • To ratify or denounce international treaties;
  • To grant or refuse agreement to diplomatic representatives of other states;
  • To suspend suchprovisions of the Council of Ministers and such resolutions and provisions of Local Assemblies of People's Power which contradict the Constitution or the law or the interests of other localities or the general interests of the country, reporting on this action to the National Assembly of People's Power in the first session held following the suspension agreed upon;
  • To revoke such resolutions and provisions of the local bodies of People's Power which infringe upon the Constitution, the laws, the decree-laws, the decrees and other provisions issued by a higher body or when they are detrimental to the interests of other localities or to the general interests of the nation;
  • To approve its rules and regulations;
  • All other powers granted by the Constitution and laws or by the National Assembly of People's Power.

All the decisions of the Council of State are adopted by a simple majority vote of its members. The mandate entrusted to the Council of State by the National Assembly of People's Power expires when the new Council of State, elected by virtue of its periodic renovation, takes power.

PRESIDENT

Raúl Castro Ruz (2008)
President of the Council of State

FIRST VICE-PRESIDENT

José Ramón Machado Ventura (2008)
First Vice-President of the Council of State

VICE-PRESIDENTS OF THE COUNCIL OF MINISTERS

  • José Ramón Fernández Álvarez (1978) With no portfolio. In charge of education and sports affairs
  • Ricardo Cabrisas Ruiz (2008) With no portfolio. In charge of foreign trade and multilateral relations affairs
  • Ramiro Valdés Menéndez (2009) Minister for Computer Sciences and Communications
  • Ulises Rosales del Toro (2009) Minister of Agricultural
  • Jorge Luis Sierra Cruz (2009) Minister of Transportation
  • Marino Alberto Murillo Jorge (2009) Minister of Economy and Planning

SECRETARY: José Amado Ricardo Guerra (2009)

OTHER MEMBERS

  • Luis Manuel Ávila Cruz (2008) Minister For Sugar
  • José M. Millar Barruecos (2009) Minister of Science, Technology and Environment
  • Rodrigo Malmierca Díaz (2009) Minister of Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment
  • Jacinto Angulo Pardo (2009) Minister of Domestic Trade
  • Fidel Fernando Figueroa de la Paz (2002) Minister for Construction
  • Abel Prieto Jiménez (1997) Minister of Culture
  • Ena Elsa Velázquez Cobiella (2008) Minister of Education
  • Miguel M. Díaz-Canel Bermúdez (2009) Minister of Higher Education
  • Lina Olinda Pedraza Rodríguez (2009) Minister of Finance and Prices
  • Leopoldo Cintra Frías (2008) Minister of the Armed Forces
  • Mª del Carmen Concepción González (2009) Minister of the Food Industry
  • Yadira García Vera (2004) Minister of Basic Industry
  • José Silvano Hernández Bernárdez (2005) Minister of Light Industry
  • Salvador Pardo Cruz (2009) Minister of the Steel Industry
  • Abelardo Colomé Ibarra (1989) Minister of the Interior
  • Maria Esther Reus González (2007) Minister of Justice
  • Bruno Rodríguez Parrilla (2009) Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • Roberto Morales Ojeda (2010) Minister of Public Health
  • Margarita González Fernández (2009) Minister of Labor and Social Security
  • Manuel Marrero Cruz (2004)
  • Ministro of Tourism Ramón Martínez Echevarría (2010)
  • President of the Institute of Civil Aviation
  • Danylo Sirio López (2009) President of the Cuban Institute of Radio and Television (ICRT)
  • Julio Chistian Jiménez Molina (2005) President of the National Institute of Sports, Physical Education and Recreation (INDER)
  • Ernesto Medina Villaveirán (2009) Minister-President of the Central Bank of Cuba (BCC)

The Council of Ministers is the highest ranking executive and administrative body and constitutes the government of the Republic.

The number, denomination and functions of the ministries and central agencies making up the Council of Ministers are determined by law.

The Council of Ministers is composed of the Head of State and Government, as its President, the First Vice-president, the Vice-presidents, the Ministers, the Secretary and t other members as determined by law.

The President, First Vice-president, Vice-presidents and other members of the Council of Ministers, as determined by the President, make up the Executive Committee.

In between t meetings of the Council of Ministers, the Executive Committee can decide on matters under the jurisdiction of the Council of Ministers.

The Council of Ministers is invested with the following powers:

  • To organize and conduct the political, economic, cultural, scientific, social and defense activities outlined by the National Assembly of People's Power;
  • To propose the draft general plans for the socioeconomic development of the state and once they are approved by the National Assembly of People's Power, to organize, conduct and supervise its implementation;
  • To conduct the foreign policy of the Republic and relations with other governments;
  • To approve international treaties and submit them for ratification by the Council of State;
  • To direct and control foreign trade;
  • To draw up the state budget draft and once approved by the National Assembly of People's Power, ensure its implementation;
  • To adopt measures aimed at strengthening the monetary and credit system;
  • To draw up bills and submit them to the consideration of the National Assembly of People's Power or the Council of State, accordingly;
  • To provide for national defense, domestic security and law enforcement, protection of citizen’s rights as well as live and properties in the event of natural disasters;
  • To run the State and unify, coordinate and supervise the activities of Central and Local Administration’s agencies;
  • To implement the laws and resolutions of the National Assembly of People's Power and the decree-laws and provisions issued by the Council of State and, if necessary, dictate the relevant rules;
  • To issue decrees and provisions on the basis of and pursuant to the existing laws and supervise implementation thereof;
  • To revoke decisions made by administrations subordinated to the Provincial or Municipal Assemblies of People's Power, adopted according to the powers delegated by the central state administration agencies, when such decisions contravene binding instructions issued at a higher level;
  • To propose to the Provincial and Municipal Assemblies of People's Power to revoke such provisions adopted --in relation to their specific activity--by provincial and municipal administrations subordinated to them, when such provisions contravene instructions approved by central state administration agencies, in the exercise of their functions;
  • To revoke provisions issued by heads of central state administration agencies when such provisions contravene binding instructions issued at a higher level;
  • To propose to the National Assembly of People's Power or to the Council of State the suspension of resolutions and provisions issued by local assemblies of People's Power when such resolutions and provisions infringe upon existing laws and provisions or are detrimental to the interests of other communities or the general interests of the nation;
  • To establish the commissions it deems necessary to facilitate the fulfillment of the tasks assigned to it;
  • To appoint and remove officials in accordance with the powers vested by law;
  • To assume any other duty assigned by the National Assembly of People's Power or the Council of State.

Organization and functioning of the Council of Ministers is regulated by law.

The Council of Ministers is accountable to the National Assembly of People's Power and periodically submits a report of all its activities to it.

National Defense Council:

The National Defense Council is established in times of peace and prepares itself to run the country under a state of war, a war, a general mobilization or a state of emergency. The organization and functions of the National Defense Council are regulated by law.

Local Bodies of People’s Power

The Assemblies of People’s Power set up in the political-administrative divisions into which the country is divided are the higher local bodies of state power. Therefore, they are invested with the highest authority for the exercise of their state functions within their respective boundaries. To this effect they govern in all that is under their jurisdiction and the law.

They also aid in the development of activities and the fulfillment of plans of those units in their territory which are not subordinated to them, as prescribed by law.

The local administrations established by these Assemblies direct the economic, production and service entities locally subordinated to them, with the purpose of meeting the needs for economic, health care, assistance, educational, cultural, sports and recreational services of the collective in the territory under the jurisdiction of each.
For the exercise of their functions the local Assemblies of People’s Power find support in the People’s Councils and the initiative and broad participation of the population and they act in close coordination with the social and mass organizations.

The People’s Councils are constituted in cities, towns, neighborhoods and rural areas; they are invested with the highest authority for carrying out their functions; they represent the territory where they carry out their functions and also represent the municipal, provincial and national bodies of People’s Power. They work actively for efficiency in the development of production and service activities and for meeting the needs for health care, economic, educational, cultural and social activities of the population, promoting the broadest participation of the population and the local initiatives to resolve their problems.

They coordinate the work of the existing entities in their field of action, promote cooperation among them and control and supervise their activities.

The People’s Councils are made up of the delegates elected in the districts, who must choose among themselves their president. The representatives of mass organizations and the most important institutions in the territory may form part of the Councils.

The law regulates the organizations and functions of the People’s Councils. WithIn the limits of their jurisdiction, the Provincial Assemblies of People’s Power are invested with the power to:

  • obey and help to enforce the laws and other general regulations adopted by the higher state bodies;
  • approve and control the execution of the province’s income and spending budget and plan, according to the policies agreed upon by the competent national agencies;
  • elect or recall the president and vice president of the Provincial Assembly;
  • designate or substitute the secretary of the Assembly;
  • participate in the drawing up and supervision of the state budget and technical-economic plan, corresponding to the entities located in its territory and subordinated to other bodies, as prescribed by law;
  • control and supervise the activities of the provincial administration body with the help of its work commissions;
  • designate or replace the members of the provincial administration body, at the proposal of its president;
  • determine, in accordance with the principles established by the Council of Ministers, the organization, functioning and tasks of the entities in charge of carrying out the economic, production and services, educational, health care, cultural, sports, protection of the environment and recreational activities, which are subordinated to the provincial administration body;
  • adopt agreements concerning administration matters in its territory and which, according to law, do not correspond to the general jurisdiction of the central state administration or to that of the municipal bodies of state power;
  • approve the creation and organization of the People’s Councils at the proposal of the Municipal Assemblies of People’s Power;
  • revoke, in the framework of its jurisdiction, the decisions adopted by the provincial administration body or propose their revocation to the Council of Ministers when these decisions have been adopted while acting according to the faculties entrusted to them by the central state administration agencies;
  • study and evaluate the accountability reports presented by their administration body and the Assemblies of People’s Power which are their subordinates, and adopt the pertinent decisions regarding those reports;
  • set up or dissolve working commissions;
  • take care of all matters concerning the implementation of the policy on cadres drawn up by the higher state bodies;
  • strengthen legality, public order and the country’s defense capacity;
  • assume any other duty assigned by the Constitution and by law

Within the limits of their jurisdiction, the Municipal Assemblies of People’s Power are invested with the power to:

  • obey and enforce the laws and other general regulations adopted by the higher state bodies;
  • elect or recall the president and vice president of the Assembly;
  • supervise and control the entities subordinated to the municipal body, with the support of the working commissions;
  • revoke or modify the resolutions and measures of the bodies or authorities subordinated to them which are contrary to the Constitution or the laws, decrees-laws, decrees, resolutions enacted by the higher state bodies or those which affect the interest of the community, of other territories or the general interests of the country, or propose their revocation to the Council of Ministers when they have been adopted while acting according to the faculties entrusted to them by the central state administration agencies;
  • adopt agreements and enact measures in the framework of the Constitution and the laws in force, on matters of municipal interest, and control their application;
  • designate or replace the members of its administration body on the proposal of its president;
  • determine, according to the principles established by the Council of Ministers, the organization, functioning and tasks of the entities in charge of carrying out economic, production and services, and health care activities, and others such as assistance, educational, cultural, sports, protection of the environment and recreational activities which are subordinated to its administration body;
  • propose the creation and organization of the People’s Councils, as established by law;
  • constitute or dissolve working commissions;
  • approve the municipality’s socioeconomic plan and budget, following the policy drawn up for this by the competent agencies of the central state administration, and control their execution;
  • contribute in the development of activities and the fulfillment of production and service plans of the entities located in their territory which are not subordinated to them, for which they can draw support from their work commissions and administration body;
5 Héroes