33th REGULAR SESSION OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL. Geneva, September 13, 2016.
STATEMENT BY THE PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF CUBA, AMBASSADOR ANAYANSI RODRÍGUEZ CAMEJO, IN THE INTERACTIVE DIALOGUE WITH THE INDEPENDENT EXPERT FOR THE PROMOTION OF AN INTERNATIONAL, DEMOCRATIC AND EQUITABLE ORDER AND THE SPECIAL RAPPORTEUR ON THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF UNILATERAL COERCIVE MEASURES IN THE ENJOYMENT OF HUMAN RIGHTS AT THE 33th REGULAR SESSION OF THE HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL. Geneva, September 13, 2016.
We thank Mr. Alfred De Zayas for the submission of his follow-up report on the adverse effects on human rights of the international investment agreements, bilateral investment treaties and multilateral free trade agreements in the international order.
We agree with the Independent Expert on the fact that the international investment regime is not an "autonomous" legal regime, but it must be in line with the United Nations Charter and the international human rights treaties. We also agree on the need for binding obligations for investors and companies are incorporated into the trade and investment agreements, and that a legally binding instrument on transnational corporations and human rights is negotiated. The risks associated with this type of treaties and agreements and their direct impact on human rights should continue to be studied.
Cuba will present at this session the traditional resolution on the promotion of a democratic and equitable international order.
We thank Mr. Idriss Jazairy for the submission of his report.
The damages caused to the enjoyment of human rights of the populations affected by the application of unilateral coercive measures are innumerable. The work of the Special Rapporteur on this issue is very important, so we take note of the recommendations made in his report.
Cuba, whose people have suffered for over 55 years an economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the United States, knows well the damages of unilateral coercive measures. The blockade persists as a violation of the International Law and a massive, flagrant and systematic violation of human rights of the Cuban people, including the right to development, and it constitutes the main obstacle to my country’s development.
Although the administration of President Barack Obama has introduced some modifications to the blockade and urged Congress to lift it, essential aspects of this policy are still in force. The economic damage caused to the Cuban people by the blockade in these almost six decades, and considering the depreciation of the dollar against the value of gold in the international market, it amounts to 753 thousand 688 million dollars.
In order to advance the process towards normalization of bilateral relations with the United States, about which the government of Cuba has reiterated its willingness on the basis of sovereign equality, non-interference in internal affairs and absolute respect for its independence, it will be required, without doubt, the unilateral and unconditional lifting by the US government of the economic, commercial and financial blockade against Cuba, which never should have existed and must cease once and for all.