Statement by Cuba at the general debate of the 32nd International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, Geneva.
STATEMENT BY H.E. Mrs. ANAYANSI RODRÍGUEZ CAMEJO, AMBASSADOR PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE TO THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE AT GENEVA, AT THE GENERAL DEBATE OF THE 32nd INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE OF THE RED CROSS AND RED CRESCENT. 9th DECEMBER 2015.
Thank you Madam Chairperson.
In today's turbulent world, where the nature of armed conflict becomes more complex and the solutions to them are postponed, the development, dissemination and application of the rules and principles of the international humanitarian law should be promoted.
In this sense, we understand that the strengthening of the international humanitarian law must contribute to the respect for the purposes and principles of the United Nations Charter and the international law, sovereignty, territorial integrity of States, self-determination of peoples and non- intervention in their internal affairs.
The noble humanitarian ideals should not be handled selectively or in a discriminatory manner, as a justification for violations of the United Nations Charter and the international law, mainly against developing countries.
In this regard, we emphasize the full force of the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the Additional Protocols as well as the guiding principles for international humanitarian assistance endorsed by the United Nations, which remain valid instruments to respond to the complex humanitarian emergencies occurring around the world.
To find long-lasting solutions to the present growing humanitarian situations, we must address the root causes that trigger them, such as underdevelopment and the unjust international economic order; inequality, marginalization and social exclusion; armed conflict and insecurity, among many others.
All unilateral coercive measures that are contrary to the international law must also be removed, whose implementation has negative impacts on the humanitarian situation of the countries against which they are applied.
Also, it is urgent to strengthen the national capacities of the developing countries, which are bearing the greatest consequences in this area.
At this Conference we have, among others, the major challenge to advance in the search for ways to strengthen the implementation of the international humanitarian law, including the initiative to establish a new mechanism to follow up on these issues. We understand that such a mechanism should focus on promoting intergovernmental dialogue, exchange of experiences and international cooperation, in a format that avoids politicization and selective use of noble humanitarian ideals. It is the responsibility of all to ensure that it does not become a platform for applying double standards, requiring Third World countries to respect the rules that are systematically infringed by the great powers.
Cuba, Madam Chairperson, will contribute to achieve this goal in a constructive spirit and with the moral authority granted by its firm commitment to upholding and promoting international humanitarian law.